Fracking

Posted on by Hannah Waugh
Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured The drilling well

Preston New Road Fracking Site

What is Fracking?

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured protesters and security at the main entrance gates

Preston New Road Fracking Site

Fracking, which is also known as Hydraulic Fracturing is the process which is used to get a gas that is found far underground in Shale rock. The gas called Shale gas is found inside very small pockets of rock, making it very hard to reach, however with recent developments in technology the Shale gas is now easier to collect. Fracking works by drilling straight down and the turning the drill horizontal and running it for miles underground hoping that they will reach a pocket that holds the gas, then water is pumped to widen the pocket, which in turn relates the gas and brings it to the surface. 

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured The drilling well and the sound barrier

Preston New Road Fracking Site

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured The drilling well and the sound barrier

Preston New Road Fracking Site

What are the benefits of Fracking?

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured The drilling well and the sound barrier

Preston New Road Fracking Site

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured The drilling well and the sound barrier

Preston New Road Fracking Site

Fossil fuels are how we currently generate energy in the UK, the issue with these are they they are not sustainable and will run out in the near future, so we need to look at alternative solutions there have been developments in sustainable energy sources recently such as solar panels and wind angry but according to energy companies Fracking could help offer a major source of fuel. We currently import the majority of our gas, which can be very expensive, as we can see with the fluctuation in the price of petrol. In the US and Canada Fracking has resulted into finding about 100 years worth of energy! It is also thought that generating electricity from Shale gas will create half the amount of Carbon Dioxide, which is the most significant greenhouse gas in the Earths Atmosphere, the rapid increase in its concentration in the atmosphere that has lead to global warming. 

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured The drilling well and the sound barrier

Preston New Road Fracking Site

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured The drilling well and the sound barrier

Preston New Road Fracking Site

What are the disadvantages of Fracking?

Preston New Road Fracking Site

Preston New Road Fracking Site

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured protesters and security at the main entrance gates

Preston New Road Fracking Site

Some people do worry that Fracking is dangerous, water companies have warned about the possible contamination with methane and other chemicals. The masses amount of water needs to be transported to the site that will be in big trucks, Fracking can also trigger small earthquakes, its thought that two earthquakes in Blackpool were caused through fracking – there is no prof for this there is strong evidence to support the statement. Some people believe the government should be investing into renewable energy sources, these are sustainable and will not run out as they are natural e.g. Geothermic energy which uses thermal energy stored within the earth. 

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured protesters and security at the main entrance gates

Preston New Road Fracking Site

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured protesters and security at the main entrance gates

Preston New Road Fracking Site

The English Government backs fracking, however recently Energy Minister Paul Wheelhouse told the MSP (members of Scottish Parliament) that this process “Cannot and will not take place in Scotland” According The Independent “The minister said a public consultation on the issue received more than 60,000 responses, an “overwhelming” 99 per cent of which were opposed to fracking.”

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured the drilling rig

Preston New Road Fracking Site

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured the drilling rig

Preston New Road Fracking Site

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured workmen inside the doghouse

Preston New Road Fracking Site

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured the drilling rig

Preston New Road Fracking Site

This site is the Preston New Road site in Little Plumpton, it is owned by Cuadrilla, the bid was the first made in four years after fracking in the UK was suspended in 2011. The bid was made in 2015 but due to many appeals from both protesters and Cuadrilla construction work only started in January this year, and the other month in August drilling commenced.

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured Drill heads

Preston New Road Fracking Site

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured The drilling well

Preston New Road Fracking Site

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured waste skips that will be removed from site

Preston New Road Fracking Site

They started work on their pilot well which is approximately 11,500 ft deep and will be followed by two more horizontal wells. Protests have taken place here since January and the second site that was applied for close to the Preston New Road site hadn’t yet been given the go ahead with Lancashire Council thinking of the noise and traffic impact on the local community. 

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured the sound barrier wall

Preston New Road Fracking Site

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured the drilling rig with Nick Mace nad the Lancashire First branded hat

Preston New Road Fracking Site

Fracking firm Cuadrilla drilling for shale gas in Lancashire, pictured the sound barrier wall

Preston New Road Fracking Site

 

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