Loom

Posted on by Hannah Waugh

A loom is a device to weave cloth and tapestry, the purpose of a loom is to hold the wrap threads under the tension to facilitate the interweaving of the weft threads, the look of a loom does vary in design and mechanics but its purpose will remain the same. 

Loom textiles cloth weave marathon belting mill

Cotton on a stand

Loom textiles cloth weave marathon belting mill

Weaving process

Its name comes from the Old English ‘geloma’ which means a utensil, tool or machine of any kind. There are several different types of looms:

  • Back strap loom, a simple loom that roots back to ancient civilisation and typically produces things like belts, ponchos, hatbands and carrying cloths.
  • Wrap-weighted loom, is a vertical loom that is said to originate back to neolithic period. The earliest evidence of them being used come from modern day Serbia, Hungary and some of Switzerland.
  • Drawloom, this requires two operators normally a weaver and an assistant.
  • Handloom which was discovered in the 13th century and is a simple machine in weaving.
Loom textiles cloth weave marathon belting mill

The weaving process

Loom textiles cloth weave marathon belting mill

The weaving process

Loom textiles cloth weave marathon belting mill

The weaving process

A Flying shuttle, simple frame loom. Power looms are typically used for cotton but also helped build a silk loom on a similar principal that the power loom uses, the development of the flying shuttle was crucial for the development to be commercially successful. and finally circular looms are used to create seamless tubes of fabric such as socks, hosiery, clothing and fabric hoses, moderns ones can use up to ten shuttles. 

Loom textiles cloth weave marathon belting mill

The weaving process

Loom textiles cloth weave marathon belting mill

The weaving process

Loom textiles cloth weave marathon belting mill

The weaving process

Loom textiles cloth weave marathon belting mill

Flying shuttle

Flying Shuttle

The flying shuttle was a key development in the industrialisation of weaving during the industrial revolution, it allowed a single weaver to weave much wider fabrics, and could be mechanised that meant automatic loom machines. The flying shuttle was patented by John Kay in 1733. It speeds up the process allowing work to be done on a greater scale, while halving the labour it only needs one person but before this four people would have been required to do a similar job.This meant in the industrial period factory owners would have been able to make more of the products they wanted without hiring more staff so they would spend less on wages but earn more by having higher exports. However it was extremely dangerous and would strike and injure workers regularly.

Loom textiles cloth weave marathon belting mill

Flying shuttle

Loom textiles cloth weave marathon belting mill

Cotton wheels

Loom textiles cloth weave marathon belting mill

Weaving machines

This entry was posted in Art, Picture Perfect and tagged , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *